A standing sentinel to the courage and valor of Chittaurgarh, it stands tall over a 180 meter high hillock covering a massive area of 700 acres.
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The fort is belileved
to have been built by the Maurya rulers in 7th century AD.
The fort is a treasure house of history and historical monuments the approach to the fort is very difficult, the one mile steep serpentine thoroughfare is exhaustive and the fort is reached through huge seven pols of gates, which are in fact the strong points having a watch tower and massive iron spiked doors.
It was ravaged thrice, and each time phoenix-like it rose again Allaudin Khilji was the first to sack Chittaur in 1303, legend and history corroborate that this was because of his passionate desire to abduct Rani Padmini.
Yet she preferred death to dishonor, and committed Jauhar (self immolation) along with the other ladies of the court.
Chitturgarh was plundered again in 1535
by Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and finally by the Moghul Emperor Akbar,
in 1567, in an attempt to subdue Maharana Udai Singh.
The fort is approached through massive pols of gates. Near Bhairon Pol, is a cenotaph or 'chhatra' in honor of the chivalrous Jaimal and his cousin Kala, who laid down their lives whilst defending Chittaur against the Mughals.
who was seriously wounded, but was not ready to die in his bed , thus he was
carried into battle on the shoulders of his cousin Kala , both of them died
while showing exemplary courage.
At Ram Pol is a memorial to Phatta, who was only 16 years old and had just been married, his father had already died defending Chittaurgarh, and was sent into the battle by his mother
To free her son from any affection towards home she herself pickled up sword along with his bride and jumped into the battle field both of them died in front of Phatta.
Next day the women folk
of the palace ended their lives by committing Johar. Phatta leading the saffron
robed men from the front thundered down like lightening from the mighty fortress
to die fighting.
The other major gates are Padal pola and Hanuman Pol, with a distinct Rajput style of architecture.