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» Capital : Sri Jayawardenepura (legislative capital), Colombo (administrative capital)
» Area : 65,610 sq km, 25,332 sq mi
» Population : 20,222,240 (2006 estimate)
» Religious Affiliations : Buddhist 69 %, Hindu 15 %, Christian 8 %, Muslim 8 %
» Ethnic groups : Sinhalese 74 %, Tamil 18 %, Moor (Arab) 7 %, Burgher (Dutch), Malay, Vedda 1 %
» Languages : Sinhala (official) 74 %, Tamil 18 %
» Life expectancy : 73.4 years (2006 estimate), Form of government: Republic
» Gross Domestic Product : (GDP, in U.S.$) $20.1 billion (2004)
» Total Revenue : $2,717 million (2002)
» Total expenditure : $3,788 million (2002)
» Monetary Unit : 1 Sri Lanka rupee (SLRe), consisting of 100 cents
» Major trade Partners for Exports : United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, and United Arab Emirates
» Major Trade Partners for Imports : India, Hong Kong SAR, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea.
Sri Lanka is an island situated in the Indian Ocean, at the base of the Indian Sub-Continent, 880 km north of the equator. Sri Lanka has a pleasant tropical climate. The average temperature of the low lands ranges between 25-30 degrees Celsius. It is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious country with a diverse and rich culture with a total population of 19 million. English is widely spoken and is studied as a compulsory secondary language in school.
Sri Lanka's Per Capita GDP is presently US$ 900 - the highest in South Asia and the Literacy rate is 92% - the highest in South Asia and second highest in Asia. According to the Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU) Forecast 1998, Sri Lanka's Business Environment ranks 11th in the region, and 42nd in the world, ahead of India, China, Indonesia, Vietnam and Pakistan.
Temperature (Mean annual) 270c in the Lowland, 150c at Nuwaraeliya (Altitude 1800m) Relative Humidity varies from 70% during the Day to 90% at Night. Rain Fall (annual) 2500mm to over in South West of the Island Less than 1250mm in North West and South East of the Island. Rainy Seasons ; South West Monsoon - (May to August) North East Monsoon - (November to February)