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Home >> Outbound Tourism >> Thailand >> Demographic & Geographical Profile

Demographic & Geographical Profile | Map of Thailand

Thailand covers a land area of 513,115 square kilometres (198,114 square miles), extends about 1,620 kilometres (1,007 miles) from north to south and 750 kilometres (482 miles) at its widest point from east to west, or approximately the same size as France, with a coastline of approximately 2,700 kilometres (1,143 miles) on the Gulf of Thailand and 865 kilometres (537 miles) along the Indian Ocean.

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Lowest point:   Gulf of Thailand 0 m
Highest point:   Doi Inthanon 2,576 m
Geographic coordinates:   15 00 N, 100 00 E
Natural resources:   tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite


The climate is sub-tropical with long hours of sunshine and high humidity. There are three seasons. The hot season lasts from March to June. The rainy season, from July to October. The cool season from November to February. Average low temperature is 20c and high temperature is 37c. The geographic and climatic conditions make the country suitable for the cultivation of a wide range of tropical and semi-tropical agricultural crops.

Land use:   arable land: 34%, permanent crops: 6%, permanent pastures: 2%, forests and woodland: 26%, other: 32%.
Irrigated land:   49,860 sq km (2003)

Thailand is divided into four geographical regions : Central Thailand (including Bangkok), Northern Thailand, Northeastern Thailand, and Southern Thailand. The country has also an Eastern Region which is often included into the Central Region.

Population : About 65,493,298 people (2007 est.). Life expectancy at birth : male 70.24 years ; female : 74.98 years ; total population 72.55 years.

Infant mortality rate 18.23 deaths/1,000 live births ; total fertility rate 1.64 born/woman (higher in provinces, lower in Bangkok). Birth rate 13.57/1000 population ; death rate 7.17/1000 population. All 2008 estimates. Infant mortality rate as well as birth rate declining steadily.

Thailand stretches itself out over 2500 kilometres from the most of the North to the South and 1250 kilometres from East to West and includes a coast about 1840 kilometres along the Gulf of Thailand and 865 kilometres along Andaman Sea.Thailand has an area of 517,000 square km, making it slightly smaller than the state of Texas in the Usa, or about the size of France. It's longest north-to-south distance is about 1,860 kilometres but It's shape makes distances in any other direction a lot less. It's shape on the map has been compared to the head of an elephant,

The Thai population amounted to 62,860,300 of inhabitants in the year 2000, about 30 % of which of less than 15 years of age. The growth rate is approximately of 1,2 to 1,4 % a year. The population might reach 70 million inhabitants in year 2010.

The working population is of 32 million people, the majority of which are less than 30 years old. Minimum wage in Thailand is at present 162 baht a day (3,70 US$) in Bangkok and between 130 and 140 baht in the provinces.It currently contains a clickable map identifying the four regions of Thailand and pointers to relief maps of each region. For best viewing of relief maps a graphics card which supports more than 256 colors should be used. Detailed demographic data is accessible via the clickable map. Relief Maps

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